The yew trees Resevation – Pângărați

The yew trees Resevation – Pângărați is one of the three reservations of this kind of our countr’s territory, consisting of a forested area and having the role of protection for the yew trees species (about 500 patterns), with a surface of 2 hectares.

Situated in a landslip area, in the reservation there have been made consolidation afforestations, therefore we will find a combination of fir trees species, pine, common spruce, beech tree, juniper tree, bloody twig, cornel tree and nut tree.

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Protected areas – Vaduri and Pângărați Lakes

For several years ago, migratory birds that we usually see in Danube Delta and in the lakeside area of Souther Europe, have been settling on Bistrița lakes, downstream Izvorul Muntelui Lake (Mountain Spring Lake), especially on Pângărați and Vaduri lakes.

Being on an area where, some times, during winter times, impressive ice bridges were formed, across Bistrița waters, on the two lakes there are today gatherring many species of wild ducks, the Mallard or Wild Duck, the Northern Pintail, the Common Goldeneye, the Tufted Duck, the Common Pochard), the Whooper Swans, The Moor Hens, the Silver Common Terns, the Mute Swans, the Little Grebes. We can see rarely the Chatterers, the Ice Loons, the Egrets and the Smens.

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The Forest Reservation Goșman, The Faunistic Reservation Brateș, The Waterfall and The Keys of Bolovaniș

The Forest Reservation Goșman, The Faunistic Reservation Brateș, The Waterfall and The Keys of Bolovaniș can be real targets for a weekend trip.

On the left side of Goșomanu river, where it meets Tarcău river, a little farther up from Ardeluța village, on the mountainside, at a height of 700 metres to 1300 metres, with incinations of 45%, there is the Forest Reservation Goșman.

It is a secular forest, a real dense forest, of over 170 hectares, where the predominant is the common spruce, the beech tree and the fir tree, patterns over one or two hundred years, some of up to one meter and half in diameter and of over 50 metres height.

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The Munticelu Cave

The Munticelu Cave is situated on the surface of Hășmaș Mountains, at the entrance from Bicaz to Bicaz Keys, in Bicaz Chei, at about 300 metres level difference from the road.

The access to the cave is done at the kilometre 34, first by the help of a concrete stair, then on a road leading through the people’s fenced hay-fields. After about 200metres from the last level of the stairs, and after the last fence is overpassed the road is taken to the left on a weakly outlined path that leads shortly to the cave. At the entrance it has a small tunnel with windows dug in the rock, then there is a metal door that closes the entrance. It consists of two rooms, a small and a big one, and impresses through the richness of phenomena specific to the cave: stalagmites, stalactites, etc.

The cave visit can be done in less than 30 minutes. The cave is not lighted, and its extension does not need speological equipment and training, but only lightning devices.

Cheile Bicazului (Bicaz Keys) National Parc – Hășmaș

Only 20 kms far from Bicaz town, Bica Keys represents one of the most attractive touristic area of the country. They are situated in the central part of Hășmaș Mountains, they belong to the Eastern Carpathians and they are delimitated on North and North-West by Suhardul Mare ( the Big Suhard) (1506 metres) and at South-East by Suhardul Mic (the Small Suhard) (1352 metres).

These unite Neamț and Harghita counties. The keys, 8kms long, are situated between Lacu Roșu Resort and Bicazu Ardelean and are formed of Bicaz river and its affluents (the most important being Bicăjelul) and bounds Tranylvania from Moldavia.

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The Natural Rezervation Șugău Keys – Munticelu

The protected area of Șugău Keys and the whole limestone mountain of Munticel (Neamț county, Bicaz Chei village and Bicazu Ardelean village) represent natural exceptional sit, being considered a real "outdoor museum".

Because of the natural heritage unicity ( endemical plant species, faunistic rareties, stony springs with limestone tufas, exo- and endocarstic relief, fossil limestones, exceptional landscape), the natural reservation Cheile Șugăului ( Șugău Keys) – Munticelu was assigned ”a sit of a community importance” according to the European legislation and is going to be integrated in the international system of protected areas Natura 2000.

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Toșorog Cave – Bicazul Ardelean

Toșorog Cave is situated in the northern-eastern part of Hășmaș Mountains, about 28 kms far from Bicaz town, on Bicazu Ardelean village territory.

Toșorog Cave is declared a mixt rezervation and known by the natives as Jgeabul de gaură ( The hole Gutter). Set on Valea Caprei (The Goat’s Valley), of over 420m length, it is considered the bigger cave formed of conglomerates. The entrance to the two rooms of the cave is available to the visitors, the, the route continues through a hole of 4-5 metres where, beacause of the walls moisture it is recommended the use of an assurance technique.

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Lacul Roșu (The Red Lake)

The Red Lke is a natural barage lake, situated at the foot of Hășmașu Mare Mountain (The Big Hășmaș Mountain), near Gheorgheni town, Harghita county. It is the biggest natural mountain lake in Romania, its name coming from the red river that crosses red layers, with oxides and iron hidroxides.

The lake seems dark and threatening, the stumps coming out of the water leading to the impression that a lake civilisation found its ending several years before. Duck flocks are passing unfeared near you, if you take the boat on the lake. This could be a real reason of rowing the boat for about 10 minutes, competing the quackers, sailing away from the shore and observing the civilisation from a distance. – mountain climbing and scaling, speology and trip-making.

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The Artificial Lake "Izvorul Muntelui" ("The Mountain Spring")

Another touristic attraction is the accumulation lake "Izvorul Muntelui"-"The Mountain Spring" ( 35 kms long, and a surface of 33square kms), known as "Lacul Bicaz"-"Bicaz lake". This is the biggest artificial (antrophical) lake disposed on the interior lakes of Romania, being situated on the superior course of Bistrița river. The place was formed as a result of the building of the hydro-energetic barage of Bicaz, that is a real giant of 127m height, of which raising needed the excavation of more than 170.000 cubic metres of rock. From the lake the hydro-energetic station of Bicaz-Stejaru is feeding.

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The Barage of Bicaz

For building the barage of Bicaz almost 20 villages had to be removed.

The building works for the hydro-energetical arrengement began on November 1950, when the electrification plan of the country was approved.

The costs for the project were of about 1,7 milliards of lei ( this money was for that time value) and it meant the lost of hundreds of human lifes during the works. Here, thosand of prisoners worked ( most of them, in the first years of site were political prisoners highly qualified), soldiers in service and rangers.

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Piatra Teiului Rock

Being declared a monument of nature for more than five decades, Piatra Teiului is an isolated rock, situated at a distance of about 44kms North-West far from Bicaz, near the viaduct in Poiana Largului village, in the actual basin of accumulation lake – Izvorul Muntelui. The access to the rock is made on the route Piatra-Neamț - Bicaz – Borsec (Vatra Dornei).

Poiana Teiului rock has been declared monument of nature for more than five decades and it is set in ‘’Coada Lacului’’(‘’The End of the Lake’’), the place where the four roads from Moldavia and Transilvania are meeting, at an altitude of 508 metres.

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Touristic Objectives in Durău, Ceahlău and Bistricioara

Ceahlău is a village from Neamț county, that reunites the villages Durău, Ceahlău, Bistricioara and Pârâul Mare, all these being in the protected area of the National Park of Ceahlău. The closeness of Ceahlău Mountain (considered the Romanian Athos, the place where lots of hermits lived), the balneal and therapeutic benefits and also the religious landmarks of the area, make of Ceahlău and Durău some resorts of a touristic, local and national interest.

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